Notes on the Holy Spirit – Part 2 – New Testament
This is page 2 of my handout. PLEASE remember that I was functioning under limited space constraints. I will plead with the class to prayerfully examine all the texts mentioned, and to search for more, because it is clearly impossible to say everything. Acts is particularly short-changed, but what else can I say? Please, share your insights with me!
As a personal note: I think much of our struggle in the brotherhood with understanding the Spirit comes from our obsession with “getting it right.” The Holy Spirit is so powerful, so innovative, and so self-abnegating that no one will ever “get it right.” I think sometimes the Spirit does things in new ways just to poke us in the eye and say, “Let God out of that box!” How ironic that what Paul taught as the basis for unity has become the source of so much division. I pray that this class contributes some tiny offering to the elimination of divisions in the body of Christ.
SUNDAY MORNING ADULT BIBLE CLASS
SEEKING A CLOSER RELATIONSHIP WITH JESUS CHRIST
SUNDAY, APRIL 20TH, 2008
The Work of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament
Background to Spirit in NT – OT and Foundational Ideas
1. Ruach – breath, wind, spirit – Creative, Life-Giving & Sustaining (Gen 6, Job 27), instructional, motivational, special role in offices of Judge, Prophet, and King. One of five major ways OT describes God in action – Wisdom, Torah, Law, Shekinah, Spirit.
2. The Holy Spirit works to transform the life of the believer into one appropriate for an intimate relationship with the one true God. The life proceeding from this transformation will be characterized by God’s own holiness.
I. What do they say? Synoptics; Johannine Literature; Acts; Paul; Hebrews – General Epistles – Revelation
A. 7 ways Holy Spirit involved in mission of Jesus – Promise of Spirit in words of John the Baptist (Lk 3); Virgin Birth (Lk 1); Simeon’s prophecy (Lk 2); Baptism of Jesus (Lk 3); Temptation (Lk 4); Exorcisms (Lk 10); Public Ministry (Lk 4; cf. Is 61:1-2 & Mt 12:28)
B. What does Jesus say about the Spirit? Blasphemy saying (Mk 3); Guidance through persecution (Mk 13:11); Inspiration of Scripture (Mk 12:36); Given in response to prayer (Lk 11:13); Baptismal Formula (Mt 28:19); Promise of Power for Mission (Lk 24:49)
III. Johannine Literature – What the Spirit does THROUGH Believers/Church
A. Pre-Passion – John’s report of Jesus’ baptism (1:29-34); Transformation of believers (3:3-10); Unlimited potential (3:31-35); Role of Spirit in true worship (4); Link between Spirit and real life (6); Promise of Spirit (7:37-39)
B. Upper Room/Passion Passages (14:15-17, 25-26; 15:26-27; 16:5-11, 12-15)
C. Jn 20:21-23 – Jesus foreshadows Pentecost
D. Epistles – 3:24 (abides in believers); 4:1-6 (contrast between Holy Spirit and anti-christ spirit); 5:7 (Spirit is witness, Spirit is truth); 5:8 (linked with water and blood as witnesses)
IV. Acts – The Holy Spirit is the main character in the book of Acts – pre-Pentecost, at Pentecost, Jerusalem and Samaria, Paul and Cornelius, Gentile Mission.
V. Paul – What the Spirit does IN Believers/Church
A. Individually? Sanctification (1 Cor 6:11; 2 Thes 2:13); Adoption (Gal 4:6); Illumination (1 Cor 2:10-16); Liberation (Rom 8; 2 Cor 3); Guidance (Rom 8:14); Strength (Eph 3:16ff); Growth (Gal 5:22)
B. Corporately? Basis for Unity (Php 2:1-4; Eph 4:3-5); Baptism in the Spirit (1 Cor 12:13); Fullness of the Spirit (Eph 5:18-20); Giver of Gifts (1 Cor 12-13)
C. The Spirit is the source of the message Paul proclaims. The Spirit:
1) Glorifies the risen Christ
2) Confirms the promises of God
3) Acts on behalf of the Son
VI. Hebrews, General Epistles, and Revelation
A. Hebrews – 2:4 (giver of gifts); 6:4 (all believers share); 10:29 (rejection of Jesus outrages Spirit); 3:7, 9:8, 10:15 (Spirit inspires Scripture); 9:14
B. Petrine Epistles – 1 Pet 1:11ff, 2 Pet 1:21 (Spirit interprets and inspires Scripture); 1 Pet 1:1, 3:18, 4:14ff (all believers possess life-giving Spirit)
C. Jude – All believers share Spirit (v.19 – mockers LACK Spirit); should pray in the Spirit (v.20)
D. Revelation – SEVEN-FOLD Spirit of God – metaphor for perfection (1:4; 3:1; 4:5; 5:6); Spirit reveals truth (conclusion of each letter)